National Education Day, observed annually on November 11, pays homage to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, India’s inaugural education minister and a prominent figure in the country’s struggle for independence. Born on November 18, 1888, Azad was not just a freedom fighter but also a distinguished scholar and leader of the Indian National Congress.
The profound impact of Azad on India’s education system is commemorated through National Education Day. Serving as the education minister from August 15, 1947, to February 2, 1958, Azad played a crucial role in shaping the post-independent educational framework. His notable contributions include the establishment of vital educational bodies like AICTE and UGC, as well as the foundation of the first Indian Institute of Technology – IIT Kharagpur.
National Education Day is a tribute to Maulana Azad’s legacy, focusing on celebrating his initiatives, including the promotion of education for rural communities and girls, adult literacy programs, and advocacy for free and compulsory education for children up to the age of 14. Azad’s vision extended to universal primary education, the diversification of secondary education, and vocational training.
Educational institutions mark the occasion with diverse programs, seminars, and workshops. Competitions, ranging from essays to speeches and poster-making, serve as a testament to Azad’s lasting impact on education in India.
Posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1992, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad remains a guiding figure in India’s educational history. Join in the celebration of National Education Day to explore the life and enduring contributions of this visionary leader.